Blog

Virus, malware and hacking are inter-related. The first one can devastate one program or your whole computer system. Viruses are commonly known for eradicating important files, putting your data at risk or needing a hard drive reformat to get the computer to work again.

Learning how to protect your PC or your laptop is quite important, but you will also need to understand what to protect them against and that’s exactly what we are going to explain here.

There exist more than 100,000 known computer viruses, which means a serious threat to your computer. However, only a small part of them live in the wild, so with this guide we will explain 10 common types of computer viruses and how the infect and affect your system.

10 common types of computer viruses

Overwrite Virus

At the very top of this list we find the overwrite virus. It doesn’t matter if your operating system is Macintosh, Linux, Windows or DOS, since this virus is quite effective on all of them. As you can imagine by its name, this virus deletes partially or totally the data and exchanges it the existing code with the malicious one.

Luckily, this virus can be easily detected because the program stops working, but it’s important for you to know that as soon as this virus infects the file, the data can’t be restored and it will be lost.

Boot Sector Virus

This is one of the most dangerous virus in the wild because its infection affects the master boot record, meaning that it’s not easy to remove, usually needing a full system reformat. This virus encrypts the computer’s boot sector, damaging the code. The more optimistic part of this virus is that the BIOS architecture of newer PC units have improved and reduced its effectiveness.

This virus can infect your PC through the use of removable media like USB or hard drives that have also been infected.

Direct Action Virus

This virus enters into the main memory quite fast and infects all projects, folders or files defined in Autoexec.bat path. After doing this, it deletes itself. The direct action virus can change its location on every execution, which makes it quite hard to diagnose. Even if it’s an annoying virus, it doesn’t affect your system’s performance, it only makes your files inaccessible.

To delete it you will only need a basic antivirus program.

Web Scripting Virus

This virus gets into the browser security, allowing hackers to inject client-side malicious scripting into the site page. Compared to other viruses, web scripting viruses are quite easy to spread and transmit themselves into your computer’s system through the programming used for websites and making you to download he virus without knowing when you click on malicious websites’ links or videos.

To prevent this kind of virus you will need to install a security program that detect malicious coding when browsing the Internet.

Memory Resident Virus

It is one of the most destructive virus because it infects your computer memory and sets it as its base of operations, making your operating system to help the virus. It’s stablished in the main memory (RAM) and starts working when you turn on your computer.

If you want to be well protected against this virus, you will need to install a high-quality advanced antivirus.

Companion Virus

It was most famous during the MS-DOS time. It works by making a duplicate of a file with an alternate extension that runs alongside the real program. Also, when the system calls the original file, the duplicated extension will run before the original one. This way, the Companion Virus affects your system’s performance by deleting the files.

About how to protect yourself against this virus, you will also need to install a high-quality advanced antivirus and also not to download attachments from unknown email sources.

Macro Virus

A Macro Virus, as you can imagine by its name, gets written in the macro language and runs automatically when the file gets opened. It spreads quite easily to different files. This kind of virus are generally received via emails.

If you want to protect you PC against this virus, you should disable macros and delete emails from unknown sources without opening them.

Multipartite Virus

This virus remains in the memory and affects the hard disk, infecting and propagating itself in many ways and affecting mainly the operating system of your computer. The way to know if your computer is affected by this virus is to observe performance slack and the low availability of virtual memory for client applications.

To prevent this virus, clean the disk and the boot sector and, of course, like with many others viruses, install a high-quality advanced antivirus program.

Polymorphic Virus

Very hard to detect thanks to its ability to encrypt and change its coding whenever it infects a system. The best way to protect your computer against this king of adaptive coding is to install a high-quality advanced antivirus program, the only ones able to deal with a wider range of threats like this one.

FAT virus

This kind of viruses ruin your entire file allocation system, the place where exist the information about files and where to find them. FAT virus will destroy files and entire directories, so get sure to be well protected against them, again, with the installation of a high-quality antivirus.

Many of us are quite addicted to video games and spend a lot of time enjoying them. Not for nothing, video games are spectacularly popular no matter your age. Being like this, it doesn’t come as a surprise to learn that there are many stories behind some of the most popular video games and even if you have a great knowledge of a game, you will get surprise when you learn of the fun facts we are going to explain next.

Here you have 15 fun facts that will give you a biggest appreciation of some of the greatest video games hits.

Mario Bros was not originally Mario nor a plumber

Mario, the main character of the biggest series of all time, made his first appearance in the game Donkey Kong. His appearance in Doneky Kong was such a blast that they created him with a whole entity. He was originally known as Jumpman, but the Nintendo’s US office workers were interrupted by their landlord, Mario Segale, and so they christened the character after him. Also, he hasn’t always been a plumber, since he started as a carpenter and even a doctor. Switching professions was a must for this endearing character.

Mario Bros doesn’t hit the bricks with its head

Contrary to what many people think, Mario doesn’t hit the bricks he breaks with his head, but with his fist. You will need to look closely, but if you do, you will see that he jumps with this fist and punches the bricks.

Pacman’s pizza inspiration is only half true

It’s always been told, as you may have also heard, that Toru Iwatani –the creator- was eating a pizza when he got the idea for the game. The myth says he looked down and the pizza with a missing slice and used this image as inspiration for Pacman’s shape. However, Iwatani himself explained that the legend was only half true. He said that in Japanese the character for mouth [kuchi] has a square shape and, even if it’s not circular like the pizza, he decided to round it up.

Pacman has a maximum score you can get

Pacman has a maximum score, also known as the perfect score, which is 3,333,360 points. The first person to ever get this score was Billy Mitchell in 1999 after playing the game for almost 6 hours. This made him won the World Record Guiness, and he also holds the World Record Guiness for mastering Donkey Kong.

PlayStation was almost a Nintendo console

Sony was originally chosen to design the electronic components of Nintendo, but Nintendo ended up ditching the project. Sony, nonetheless, decided to make a console anyway and that’s the reason the PlayStation 1 came out.

You probably can’t press a controller button more than 16 times per second

Toshuyuki Takahashi, a Japanese gamer, holds the record o pressing a controller button 16 times in a second. Do you think you can improve his mark? Go prove yourself!

You can fish in Pokémon Red and Pokémon Blue Gyms

If you still have the original Pokémon Red and Pokémon Blue games, you can turn them on and fish for Pokémon inside the many Rhydon statues of the Gyms. Even if it’s true that you won’t find any particularly rare Pokémon, it’s quite a novelty to caught a Pokémon inside a Gym!

The first console with internal storage was SEGA Saturn

SEGA Saturn was the first console with internal storage ever launched to the market. It was launched in 1994 in anticipation of Sony’s PlayStation and sold 170,000 machines on the very first day. Players could save 5 or even 6 games on the system’s RAM, which meant 32 kilobytes.

Aerith and Sephiroth from siblings to lovers

In Final Fantasy VII Aerith and Sephiroth’s backstory is loosely intertwined, but it wasn’t always like that. The first draft included an emotional bond between them, as if they were siblings. However, their relationship took a romantic turn, becaming lovers because, yes, Sephiroth was Zack.

World of Warcraft helped as a plague predictor

In 2005 a new character was released, a bad guy named Hakkar, who controlled a dungeon and could cast a spell with a contagious disease that affected anyone who challenged him. But the disease started to spread among players and some of them even died. Researchers studied how players helped or inhibited the spread of the disease and those epidemiologists use that data to try to create models in order to stop the spread of today’s diseases.

Chun-Li and girl power

Street Fighter II introduced one of the firsts playable female characters: Chun-Li. She soon became one of the most popular characters in the game and one of the most valuables ones, since her speed made her one of the best characters in the Street Fighter saga.

Record for worst video game dialogue

Even if Resident Evil is one of the most successful video game franchises in history and counts with dozens of sequels, movies, books, toys, etc., the truth is that it also holds one of those awards no one wants to win: the record for worst video game dialogue.

Sonic the Hedgehog was born thanks to Mario Bros

Yuji Naka, creator of Sonic, had the habit of playing non-stop the first stage of Super Mario Bros as fast as possible. By making this, Naka started to think about how it would be if there existed an entire game which focused on completing levels quick and fast. Eventually, this idea turned into Sonic.

The myth of finding Mew in Pokémon Red, Blue and Yellow

One of the biggest legends of all popular games is finding Mew in Pokémon Red, Blue and Yellow. This video games came out when the Internet was not a widespread, so people only had another people as source of information and the word spread quite easily. Being like this, rumors and just lies about catching Mew could spread fast. But the truth is that there is a way to obtain this Pokémon without cheating or hacking the game. If you take advantage of a glitch in how the games store their Trainer and Pokémon information, players can trigger a legitimate fight with Mew who, like any other Pokémon, can be weakened and caught.

The original Street Fight was unplayable

This first game in the series was almost unplayable. Trying to perform any of the character’s unique special moves was impossible and even moving around the screen was difficult, making the game not fun to play.

If you have arrived here it’s because you have also experienced the gaming cramps. It’s not unusual for gamers the need to stop playing in order to flex your hands and your wrists to stop the cramping. Gaming is responsible of a lot of stress on your hands and wrists and it can result in pain and some injuries.

Numb fingers, throbbing wrists… And you start thinking you might have carpal tunnel. Don’t worry, that’s likely not the issue even when the symptoms are quite similar to that and tendonitis: numbing, wrist pain, tingling and even a little bit of swelling.

Luckily for you, we’ve got some hand exercises you need to start practicing if you want to break free from that pain and to be able to play for hours without having to stop to stretch.

7 hand exercises for gamers

Prayer Position Stretch

This is the perfect stretch to loosen up both your wrists and your forearms. You need to put your fingers and palms together. Your fingers should be pointing up and your elbows outward, as if you were praying, that’s why it’s called like this. When you get the position, you will need to hold it for 30 seconds, at least. If you think you can hold it more time and more intense, increase the intensity by raising your hands slowly while keeping them together and make sure your elbows are still pointing outward.

Reverse Prayer Position Stretch

We like to put this strictly after the Prayer Position Stretch, since you will need to remain in the same position but with the difference that now you will press the backs of your hands together with your fingers pointing down. Again, hold this position for 30 or more second and slowly raise your hands keeping them still together and with the elbows pointing outward.

Wrist Joint Circles Stretch

Extend both your hands out and rotate clockwise your wrists gently in a circle. Do this up to 10 or 15 times and repeat the same exercise but counterclockwise now.

Thumb Twist Stretch

To be able to perform correctly this stretch you will need to keep your elbow bent and close to your ribcage. Now, turn your hand to make your palm face the sky and with your other hand, grab the thumb of the first hand and gently twist it to the opposite way. Do it gently until you feel a soft stretch, but don’t force it or you will cause unnecessary pain.

Supined Flexors Stretch

This is a stretch you need to perform on each hand separately. We recommend you to start with your left one. Keep your elbow extended and your palm facing up. With your other hand pull on the bottom half of your fingers so that your wrist gets downward. Yes, you will feel discomfort, it’s quite normal when moderate. If you feel pain, stop and ease up a bit on your pull. Hold this position for 30 seconds or a little bit more and repeat the exercise with your right hand.

Pronated Extensors Stretch

Exactly in the same position you were in for the last stretch but with your hand point downwards, not upwards. Now, like you did last time, use your other hand to pull down on the outside of your fingers. This will make your wrist to slowly lower and will allow you to feel the stretch in your forearm. Hold this position for another 30 seconds and repeat on your other hand.

Joint distraction stretches

This stretches can be performed on your fingers and on your wrists, both with both hands. We will explain first how to perform then on your fingers.

Get your hand with your palm facing towards your chest and with the other hand get the tip of your index and pull it outward until you feel how it separates from your knuckle. Hold five seconds the position and repeat with every finger.

Now, to perform this exercise on the wrists, you will start with your hand again pointing towards your chest. With your other hand grip the first hand and gently pull out until you feel separate from your wrist. Hold five seconds and do it with your other hand.

Depending on the way players interact with a game, this game will be assigned to a category or genre or to another. This way, the first thing you need to understand is that games are not classified the same way as books or movies, since games do not depend on the content or the scenario but it depends strongly on the player’s activity.

If you were to ask us what is a video game genre we would answer that is a category of games that share similar gameplay features or what is the same: that share how the player exists in the game’s world. To better understand this concept, we will next explain the most popular video games genre that exist. Let’s go!

Action Games

It’s one of the most popular video games genres and the most basic of all of them, we could say.

Action games have their focus on physical challenges that require hand-eye coordination and, of course, quick reflexes. Mortal Kombat or Street Fighter are perfect arcade examples of this kind of video game genre, but also some other games like the platform ones, or first-person shooters or survival games. This way, we can also include as action games Call of Duty or even Fortnite, with features a battle-royale style.

Adventure Games

In this kind of games, it’s the player who has the control of a character who moves through the game’s plot and has to complete some tasks. Being like this, we see that adventure games also include the need to pay attention to the game and use the logic, especially to solve some riddles and find clues to the next step of the scenario.

Adventure games can also feature minimal combat but they will definitely focus on the puzzle-solving characteristics to progress in the game.

Action-adventure Games

Action-adventure games are a perfect mix of both the previous genres we explained. They have the high physicality of action games but also the narrative puzzles and the need to solve some obstacles of the adventure ones.

To mention some examples, we can talk of Resident Evil or The Legend of Zelda.

Role-playing Games

Also known as RPGs, this games are the ones where players are connecter with a specific character or team leader, making the experience a lot more immersive and using an accurate worldbuilding with details and more details of the game’s world.

Some of the most popular games inside this genre are Final Fantasy or Pokémon, but also Diablo or World of Warcraft.

Role-playing games are often combined with action games, but the most popular subtype of this genre is MMPRPG (which stands for Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games) where real players interact with each other through the Internet.

Strategy Games

As you can imagine, strategy games focus on using strategic thinking to go through the game, rather than physical features. This games are often based on building a defense and can be turn-based or real-time, but also can be played on a multiplayer online battle arena, like happens with League of Legends, a strategy game where you need to use your cleverness and that or your group in order to succeed and beat your rivals.

This kind of game genre need for the player to develop a strategy and the player will not only control one player but an entire army or universe. Some examples of this genre are Civilization or Age of Empires.

Simulation Games

Games that simulate some aspects of real life are included in this genre. These kind of games simulate feature like building cities, creating people with their own lives or operating businesses. Simulation games allow the player to form an idea of reality and can be technical, arcade, sports game, etcetera.

Some clear examples of this kind of game genre are The Sims or even Animal Crossing.

Sports game

Even if the vast majority of this genre can also be considered as simulation games, we thought it correct to have a whole entity to itself. Sports games allow players to compete with the machine or real-life players and also compete against them. A great example of this kind of genre would be FIFA.

Even if computers may look to you very different, the components installed are quite standard, being the major difference among most machines the brand of the hardware they have installed. This way, even if the brand changes, the main hardware components –video card, processor, memory, motherboard and hard drive- are always the same for all computer systems.

5 parts of a computer

It doesn’t matter if we are speaking about a home PC or a gaming system, the five main components that build a computer are the next ones that we will explain next.

Motherboard

To better understand this part of the computer you need to know that all components of a PC communicate through the circuit board, which is called motherboard. It’s the bigger board in a computer chassis and serves to allocate power and to allow communication to and between the CPU, RAM and the other hardware components, providing connectivity to all of them.

The motherboard is located inside the computer case and is the place where most of the parts and computer peripherals connect.

CPU (Central Processing Unit)

The CPU is considered the brain of a computer because it has a direct plug connection to the motherboard, but also because it has communication with all the other components. Its function consists in translating the lines of code you write (being C++, Java, Python or any other programming language) into assembly language, the one the processor can understand. This way, the CPU fetches the code, decodes and executes all the instructions –calculations, actions, running programs, etc-.

CPUs are present in all sorts of devices from laptops and computers to smartphones, tablets and even your smartTV. They are usually located onto the motherboard.

GPU (Graphics Processing Unit)

The GPU is one of the most important parts of a computer for gamers, who obsess over graphic cards. The reason is that the GPU makes possible for computers to generate high-end visuals, which is really important in many video games.

But the GPU is not only important to video games, optimal graphics are also important for many professions like designers or 3D modelers who use resource intensive software. It is also important to understand that GPUs are often communicated directly with the display monitor, so a very much potent graphic card won’t be of use if you don’t also have a good monitor connected to it.

RAM (Random Access Memory)

The RAM stores data about the accessed programs and processes of the computer. It is also called volatile memory because this data gets erased every single time the computer restarts itself. This way, this component helps programs (or games) to start up and close quickly.

It stores information that your computer is actively using for a short-term, so this data can be accessed easily and fast. It is obvious to understand that the more programs your system is running, the more memory you will end up needing.

Storage

As you can deduce, this part is where the computer stores its data. The computers today can use a Hard Disk Drive (HDD) or a Solid State Drive (SSD). The first ones are cheaper, but it looks like they are getting more and more obsolete every year. They are made with and actual disk where the data is stored and that is read by a mechanical arm.

SSDs, on the other hand, have no moving parts and are way faster than HDDs since there is no need to wait for a mechanical arm to find data on the disk.

Basic parts of a computer

Of course, if we have to talk about the parts of a computer, we cannot forget the most basic ones, which are the case, monitor, keyboard and mouse. We will explain them all next. Do keep up!

Computer case

It’s nothing more than the plastic and metal box that contains the main components explained before. The front usually has the On/Off button. The case can come in many sizes and shapes like desktop cases or tower cases, but there is one kind of computers that come with all the main components built into the monitor, so there is no need to have a separate case.

Monitor

The monitor displays both images and texts on the screen. The newest options have LCD (liquid crystal display) or LED (light-emitting diode) displays which makes them very thin and flat.

Keyboard

There exist many types of keyboards, the main way to communicate with a computer, but almost all of them accomplish the same basic tasks. There are some keyboards specialized on video games so that the gaming experience gets better.

Mouse

This is another of the main ways to communicate with computers since it lets you point objects on the screen, but also click on them and move them.

There exist two mouse types: mechanical and optical. The first one has a rolling ball to detect movement and the optical one uses an electronic eye instead.

Also, there are some alternatives to the mouse, like the touchpad or trackpad, a touch-sensitive pad that allows you to control the pointer with your finger. This alternative is very common on laptops.

Poker nowadays is one of the most played card games in the world, if not the most popular among the thousands of card games out there. For people that are trying to join this wagon however, it’s not very easy to choose a Poker variant, as there are so many types of Poker out there that it makes it very hard to choose which one is the perfect Poker variant for you.

Look no further, because in this simple guide you will learn all you need to know about the main poker variants and we’ll show you which poker games actually use them. At the end if you wish to put this new knowledge to the test, we recommend you to check Easypppoker, where you’ll find the best places to play poker online.

The three main poker variants

Most (if not all) types of poker can be identified as a modified version of one of these 3 variants:

  • Draw poker.
  • Stud poker.
  • Community card poker.

No matter which country you’re reading this guide, you can easily identify which variant each type of poker fits in comparing it to these three. Every poker game has each set of rules, but they will always be a interpretation of one of the three variants but with a few twists and new rules.

Draw poker

The most common variant and perhaps easiest to learn how to play, this variant is slowly declining it’s popularity thanks to the rise of more demanded types of poker that do not fit in this category. Draw poker main rule, as the name implies, is to draw a certain amount of cards and try to form your poker hard. Usually you’ll also be able to discard and replace cards to improve your hand.

The most popular example of a poker game that is considered a draw poker variant is Five-card Draw (or Cantrell Draw). In Five-card Draw, each player gets 5 cards and in a “Draw” phase they can discard any of the cards to get replacements (ending the “Draw” turn always with 5 cards). At the end of that draw, the “Showdown” happens, where the remaining players compare their hands.

Stud poker

Our second main variant, there are two significant differences between Stud poker and Draw poker: Usually you won’t draw all cards at once, instead a certain amount of cards are drawn, mixed with face-up and face-down cards. No cards can be discarded, while you’re getting new cards, new betting rounds begins. Because of the face-up cards being visible for every player on the table, this offers a new layer of strategy, as you’re betting having a slight idea of what the opponent’s hands might contain.

A popular stud poker game is Five-card Stud. In this version you get 2 cards at the beginning, this first one is face-down and the second is face-up. After the betting phase ends, a new card is drawn face-up and so on, until each player has 5 cards: 2 face-down (the first and fifth card) and 3 face-up.

Community card poker

For last but not least, the third and final variant is community card poker. It’s very easy to compare community card with stud, which the main difference being the face-up cards are put on the table and shared by every player. Each player will have a incomplete set amout of cards in hand and they will try to match poker hands.

The most popular type of poker based on comunity card poker and perhaps the currently most popular in the world is Texas hold ‘em. In this version, each player is dealt 2 cards and a betting phase begins. After that, “the Flop” is shown (the first 3 cards on the table) and a new betting phase starts. This repeats two more times with “the Turn” (fourth card) and “the River” (fifth card).

If you play poker at online cash games sites, you’ve likely heard of those high-profile attackers targeting players using malicious software in order to hijack people who play online poker. Between the ideal targets of this hackers are poker pros, especially since they have considerable balances in their poker accounts with hundreds or thousands of dollars or another currency. Because of their healthiness, pros are an attractive target in this industry.

Thinking that your personal information can be public online it’s scary, making people to wonder if it’s safe to play poker online. Along this text, we will give you the keys you must always consider to stay safe while playing online poker and to ward off cybercriminals.

If you’re new to web design, the large amount of options in terms of hostings can be so overwhelming. Also if you’re new to this, you need to actually choose a hosting that works with a control panel that is intuitive for you as a “newbie” to this. Thankfully, nowadays there are so many hostings with also so many panels that surely there is something perfect for you and your projects.

You may have a great team of developers, designers and all kinds of professionals in order to make the most ambitious projects ever, but without the ability or capacity to manage all personnel, it’s bound to fail. As in any team sports, a team without someone in charge or / and with the propor tools and knowledge to do so will never succeed. The same happens in business model, and in the game development industry is no different.

The dream is there for most people that enjoy games: build their own. While becoming a game developer is a great decision, there are several steps needed to take into account before diving in the world of making games. We will sum some of the most important steps in order to become a game developer.